Court of Oyer and Terminer

Court of Oyer and Terminer
/kort av oyar and tarmanar/
In England, formerly, a court for the trial of cases of treason and felony. The commissioners of assise and nisi prius were judges selected by the king and appointed and authorized under the great seal, including usually two of the judges at Westminster, and sent out twice a year into most of the counties of England, for the trial (with a jury of the county) of causes then depending at Westminster, both civil and criminal. They sat by virtue of several commissions, each of which, in reality, constituted them a separate and distinct court. The commission of oyer and terminer gave them authority for the trial of treasons and felonies; that of general gaol delivery empowers them to try every prisoner then in gaol for whatever offense, so that, altogether, they possessed full criminal jurisdiction. The assize courts have since been abolished and replaced by the Crown Court.
In American law, this name was generally used (sometimes, with additions) as the title, or part of the title, of a state court of criminal jurisdiction, or of the criminal branch of a court of general jurisdiction, being commonly applied to such courts as may try felonies, or the higher grades of crime. Such courts existed in Delaware and Pennsylvania. They were abolished in New York and New Jersey in 1895

Black's law dictionary. . 1990.

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  • Court of Oyer and Terminer and General Gaol Delivery — Court of Oyer and Terminer and General Gaol (or Jail) Delivery /kort av oyar and tarmanar aend jenaral jeyl dalivariy/ In American law, formerly, a court of criminal jurisdiction in the state of Pennsylvania. It was held at the same time with the …   Black's law dictionary

  • Court of Oyer and Terminer and General Jail Delivery — Court of Oyer and Terminer and General Gaol (or Jail) Delivery /kort av oyar and tarmanar aend jenaral jeyl dalivariy/ In American law, formerly, a court of criminal jurisdiction in the state of Pennsylvania. It was held at the same time with the …   Black's law dictionary

  • Court of Oyer and Terminer and General Gaol Delivery — Court of Oyer and Terminer and General Gaol (or Jail) Delivery /kort av oyar and tarmanar aend jenaral jeyl dalivariy/ In American law, formerly, a court of criminal jurisdiction in the state of Pennsylvania. It was held at the same time with the …   Black's law dictionary

  • Court of Oyer and Terminer and General Jail Delivery — Court of Oyer and Terminer and General Gaol (or Jail) Delivery /kort av oyar and tarmanar aend jenaral jeyl dalivariy/ In American law, formerly, a court of criminal jurisdiction in the state of Pennsylvania. It was held at the same time with the …   Black's law dictionary

  • Court of Oyer and Terminer — /kort av oyar and tarmanar/ In England, formerly, a court for the trial of cases of treason and felony. The commissioners of assise and nisi prius were judges selected by the king and appointed and authorized under the great seal, including… …   Black's law dictionary

  • court of oyer and terminer — Old courts presided over by commissioners of oyer and terminer appointed by the king. among these commissioners were usually two common law judges of the courts at Westminster. These courts were held twice each year in most of the counties of… …   Ballentine's law dictionary

  • Oyer and terminer — Oyer redirects here. For the municipality in Norway, see Øyer. In English law, Oyer and terminer (a partial translation of the Anglo French oyer et terminer which literally means to hear and determine [1]) was the Law French name, meaning to hear …   Wikipedia

  • oyer and terminer — to hear and determine , now obsolete, the commission given to judges of the assize. Collins dictionary of law. W. J. Stewart. 2001. oyer and terminer (French …   Law dictionary

  • court of oyer and terminer and general gaol delivery — A nisi prius court of criminal jurisdiction in England …   Ballentine's law dictionary

  • Oyer and terminer — Oyer O yer, n. [Anglo F., a hearing, from OF. o[ i]r, F. ou[ i]r, to hear, L. audire. See {Audible}.] (Law) A hearing or an inspection, as of a deed, bond, etc., as when a defendant in court prays oyer of a writing. Blackstone. [1913 Webster]… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

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